Friday, 04 November 2011 02:45

The Prostate Page

"That's a good article on the prostate by the way, a nice non-technical, or not too technical summary. I suppose another way to think about testing for PSA is a bit like a smoke alarm. If it goes off, there may not actually be a fire, but it's always good to carry out a few simple tests first just to make sure there isn't, …" - Peter Davis, pathologist

Introduction and Background

This is not a definitive guide to prostate health or to the functioning of the prostate gland. Nor am I an expert. I am a guy who is interested in health generally both as a professional body therapist and as a human being – and I start with my own health.

Neither do I have anything to sell.

Probably like you, or your husband/partner/boyfriend if you are a female reading this, I knew little about the prostate gland for many years. I thought it had something to do with sperm production (it does) but that was about all. I never referred to it as the ‘prostrate’ gland though! Then as I went through my late 50s and early 60s (I am now 63) I started to have slight problems with peeing, ie urination. I never reached the stage of having to get up several times a night or having to force it, but none-the-less there was clearly some sort of problem.

I happened to move to Warwick in 2008, and when I registered with a new doctor in mid-2009 I requested a blood test to measure Prostate Specific Antigen, usually known as PSA. My doctor, fortunately, agreed. Some refuse, I understand – and you can insist.

The reading came back as 5.3. The first question then was, “well, what does that mean?” At that stage my doctor actually confessed that he was not well up on men’s health specifically as the vast majority of his patients were female or children. I found this refreshingly honest of him. He did say that the PSA reading was above ‘normal for my age’ (‘normal’ being approximately 4) but not seriously so, and that we should monitor the levels every three months.

So, already I had met two problems; a doctor with little specific knowledge and a lack of certainty on the interpretation of the numbers.

Maybe it is a reflection on the focus of medicine and health that there is no agreed international standard scale for PSA measurement. Even within the scale we use there seems to be no UK-wide agreement as to what constitutes a serious problem at the lower end of the scale which is where it really matters. If you had a reading of (say) 50 you could immediately say there was a serious problem, but if it was (say) 11, is that serious or just a bit worrying?

Some doctors would rush you off for a digital rectal examination or a biopsy and others would say, “let’s keep an eye on it.”

In my case, being only a ‘little high’, regular monitoring every three months seemed like a sensible optio to both of us. In the meantime, I thought, I can do some research myself if the doctor knows little. I learnt a lot.

On one of my visits to the Post Office I spotted a notice stating that the Graham Fulford Charitable Trust (GFCT) was in Warwick giving a talk about Prostate Cancer and offering free PSA tests. In fact Graham lives near Warwick but does go to other parts of the country to give talks etc. (See the resource list later.) So I went along and, being a curious soul and knowing by then the variability of the test, decided to have a test from them.

I continued to have tests from both the GP surgery and the Trust as you can see from the table below, which lists the results from my readings over the next couple of years:

Doctor GF Char Trust
June 2009 5.3
Sept 2009 6.6
Dec 2009 5.0
24 April 2010 4.0 4.9
15 July 2010 5.4
26 August 2010 3.8
14 December 2010 3.3
17 March 2011 3.5
16 June 3.2
28 June 4.0
Mid Sept (India)* 3.6
November (India)** 3.6
January* 2012 4.4 3.4
June 2012 4.0

*These readings were about two weeks apart and the CFCT on was using the Mediwatch PSAwatch point of care scanner.

The GFCT doctor is not great at record keeping but does have a really good heart and a lot of experience in the field. So, when my reading was at 5.4 according to their test lab, he sent me a letter advising me to take further action and see a consultant. So, you see, not only is there variability in the numbers, there is also variability in the interpretation of those numbers. They have kept following up on this, despite the change in my readings.

It’s one of those interesting things about science that when it puts a scale on something it thinks that is enough! And yet it is the scientists who interpret that scale that then decide what it means. And no-one takes into account the infinite variability of each human.

Personally, I think advising someone of 62 to take further action (which usually means seeing a consultant) when a man’s reading is 5.4 is a bit premature. We should be advising him to look at his health and immune system and work from the inside out rather than the outside in. But more of that later.

My way of alleviating my symptoms and reducing the PSA reading from 6.6 at its highest to its now 3.4 at its lowest was with diet (although I was already a vegetarian and I cook most of my food myself from raw ingredients), supplementation, alkalising (bi-carb) and lots of Reiki.

And, I have not found a single doctor interested in how I did this.

For now, a little bit of biology:

Where is it?

The prostate is positioned just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder through the penis and outside. It also carries the semen during ejaculation.

How big is it?

The prostate is tiny at birth but after puberty it enlarges, with rising levels of testosterone. In an adult man it is about the size of a walnut. (Dependent upon the size of the man of course!) Unlike other glands, which stop growing, it continues to grow very slowly throughout life

What does it do?

It makes the liquid of semen. Sperm are produced in the testicles and then stored just behind the prostate in the seminal vesicles in a ‘jelly’. At orgasm and ejaculation, the prostate and seminal vesicles contract, mixing their respective contents which liquefy the jelly to aid movement of the sperm in its search for an egg (ovum).

What is the Prostate Specific Antigen?

It is this substance within the fluid in the prostate that liquefies the gelatinous sperm mixture.

Now on to a bit of science:

The fluid PSA leaks into the bloodstream, so every man will have a certain amount in his blood. Although I use the term ‘leak’ this is not like a plumbing leak which you want to stop. It is perfectly normal and, as far as we are aware, should be happening.

The amount that leaks varies with every single man on the planet. There is no ‘norm’.

However, this is why doctors can take a blood sample and test it for PSA. And why the test is unreliable.

What do the numbers mean?

The test measures the amount of PSA present in your blood in nanograms per millilitre (ng/ml). The amount in the blood tends to increase with age anyway and, although there is no normal (I stress this again), science does suggest what you might expect, depending on your age.


PSA level

40-49 years

Up to 2.5

50-59 years

Up to 3.5

60-69 years

Up to 4.5

Over 70 years

Up to 6.5

So, in a purely logical/scientific way, all it tells you is that you have so much PSA in your blood and, by implication, how much leaks. Now, I don’t know if or how the PSA is removed, for example by the liver or spleen. So does it simply build up over the years or what? So as you see, it cannot be a terribly reliable test, but it is the only one we have so we must make the best use of it.

Anything other than the number is an interpretation and will depend on the opinion of the person giving it to you. So, always insist on being given the actual number of the result. If the person says it is ‘normal’ or anything else, just ask for the number.    Then you can make your own interpretation and have a discussion with your doctor. Don’t just rely on his or her opinion as, like mine, he or she may know little about it.

How Consistent are the Results?

There are different ways of measuring PSA. Thus depending on the method and the scale used you will get different results from different laboratories. You may have noticed the variation in readings of my results.

This is just one reason why the test is not perfect, and if your reading is just ‘a little high’ you should monitor it for a while – whilst taking action to change it, of course. (Monitoring and doing nothing is useless.) The GFCT doctor did say to me that if the level goes up and down then be happy. In fact there are other reasons why it may vary: for example some places advise not to ejaculate for at least 24 hours before, and some say 48 hours. But if they don’t tell you before you go that could skew the result.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of a problem?

Basically, you should know your body better than anyone else with a measuring stick, so start by knowing what is normal for you. You should know if things are changing. The first sign to appear is usually a change in your habits of urination.

Since the growing prostate surrounds the urethra it will squeeze it and thus restrict the flow of urine. This can make it harder to pee and also mean you need to make more effort to expel the urine. You may no longer be able to write your name in the snow with it!

Here is a list of possibilities to help you think about your own situation:

  • A weak or intermittent flow of urine.
    • Difficulty starting to urinate.
    • A need to urinate frequently.
    • A need to urinate urgently (you do not feel able to put it off).
    • Having to go to the toilet several times during the night.
    • Feeling that your bladder is not completely empty after you have finished urinating.
    • Pain or burning when passing urine.
    • Blood in your urine.
  • Pain in the back, hips or pelvis. (In combination with some of the above.)

There are cases where cancer has been found in an advanced state without any prior symptoms so it is wise to have a test if you are over 45 or so - especially if it is only a blood test.

What should you do if you notice a problem?

Or, if your partner gently says to you, “don’t you think you ought to go and see the doctor about your peeing problem, darling?”

Ask for a PSA test.

The first thing is to have a PSA test. If your doctor says no or tells you that ‘you’re too young for that’, then just insist. It is your right. It won’t tell you a lot but it gives you a number against which to monitor change, and science loves that. And it is genuinely helpful in that regard.

What will the result tell me?

A non-normal reading does NOT mean that you have cancer of the prostate. There are two other, more common reasons for a high PSA reading:

  • You may have an infection in your kidneys or bladder. A urine sample may be able to confirm this.
  • Your prostate my simply be over enlarged. You may recall me writing earlier that the prostate continues to grow through life so it may have grown too much. This is called benign prostatic hyperplasia! or BPH for short.

How does that help?

Well, not a lot but it gives you a couple of things to look at before you start worrying about cancer.

You already know you have a problem otherwise you would not have gone to see the doctor. Just remember that the doctor really has no better idea of what it might be than you. All you both know is that you have a higher than ‘normal’ PSA result.

Unless you have a REALLY high reading and/or you have had this developing problem for years on end and done nothing about it, you do not have to rush off and have a rectal examination or biopsy. Talk with your doctor to see what s/he thinks and together make a plan. See later for my suggestions.

ANY physical prodding or poking of the prostate carries with it the possibility of making things worse simply by aggravating the gland – no matter how remote that possibility may be.


This is the most common cause of a high reading and the symptoms, affecting about 30% of men in their 50s and about 50% of those in their 60s, increasing with age.

It is caused by the prostate gland growing too much. No-one really knows why, though it may be related to testosterone levels.

If your PSA is high and your symptoms severe then you may need to be treated in a specialist unit in a hospital, and a digital rectal examination will be a necessity.

Otherwise there are other things you can do to improve your situation – see later for my suggestions.


This is the second most common cause of the symptoms listed (and thus a high reading) and represents probably 25% of all referrals. There are several possible infections, and there are different ways they can be investigated, including by a urine sample, so this is probably the first thing to check thoroughly.

My doctor did not do this and it was only when I was working as a volunteer in Bhopal (see my other blogs) that the Ayurveda doctor there had the pathology lab do this test. The result was that there was a possible infection for which he gave me a remedy, which worked and left the urine clear.

Discuss it with your doctor and see later for my suggestions.

What other test are there?

Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)?

This is where the doctor dons his/her surgical gloves and puts his/her finger along your anal canal to feel through its wall to where the prostate sits, which is just anterior of the anal canal. Most doctors will be inexpert at this and not really know what they are looking for so it is advisable to ask to be referred to a clinic where they do it all the time.

That way there is less likelihood of it creating a problem and more likelihood of having a knowledgeable discussion.

It is possible to get an idea of the problem by the feel of the gland. Some specialists claim they can tell if there is a cancer growing by this test; maybe they can, and maybe they can’t. Other than that, this examination will only confirm what you already know.


This is the ultimate test and should be left until last. It is medically acknowledged that it can worsen the problem. Have this done only if you are pretty certain that you have a fast growing, aggressive cancer.

Most men over 60 (at least) will have cancerous cells in their prostate. Most of us will die with prostate cancer; few of us will die because of it. A pathologist friend of mine wrote to say that the vast majority of the male bodies he examines have cancer cells in their prostate and it was not cancer that killed them. He also said that he sees many biopsies from men with a high PSA reading but which show no signs of cancer. He added that our bodies are capable of causing little bits of pre-cancer to regress, or disappear, via the activity of the immune system.

What do I do next?

Whatever the result, you do have a choice about how you deal with it. Don’t be rushed, especially if the reading is only ‘a little high’.

You may want to do your own research, and I would encourage that, whatever your inclination. There is a wealth of information around now with books and, of course, the internet. There are also support organisations such as the GFCT which will help with tests, leaflets and advice, though some do tend to be focused on cancer as if it were the only thing that a high PSA reading could predict.

Whichever way you decide to go, do it wholeheartedly and don’t let anyone put you off.

The Medical/Allopathic Way

I have to confess that my knowledge of this approach is sparse. I do know people who have had successful operations to remove aggressive cancers and who are perfectly healthy and normal in function now.

I also know that all surgery (in fact all anything) carries risk. The risks of an operation are that there could be no improvement in peeing, pain, impotence, or incontinence, and if it doesn’t work you cannot reverse it. Talk to your doctor or consultant to get the latest figures. Prostate Action says, "Men who undergo traditional treatment have a 50% chance of achieving the so-called trifecta status – the ‘perfect outcome’ with no urine leak, good erections and cancer control at 12 months after surgery or radiotherapy.”

The route would be something like this:

  • Have a PSA test
  • Have tests for infection (I put this first as it is non invasive)
  • Have BPH tests (including DRE)
  • Have a biopsy (if your doctor thinks it is an ‘aggressive’ cancer and thus will spread to other places).
  • Have an operation to remove the cancer
  • Follow up with chemo-therapy or radiation therapy. (Which can be supported by good diet.)

Stopping as appropriate at any point.

Important Note (April 2012): There is current research into the use of ultrasound for the treatment of prostate cancer. Early results are encouraging with reduced side effects and a 90% success rate of complete cure after 12 months. You an read more on the Prostate Action website which I am sure they will keep up-to-date.

The Alternative or Complementary Route

If you choose this route do be aware that it also carries risk – you could die of cancer. However you may also successfully reduce the size of your prostate, remove all infection or remove cancer.

I do write from my own experience which was of having a slightly raised PSA reading and so, like everyone else, I have a bias.

Nutrition – check your diet. It can be helpful to find out what your pH reading is. An acidic body tends to harbour more disease, and there are people who say that cancer cells cannot live in an alkaline state. Most evidence says that slightly alkaline is the best ‘normal’ state. So, the argument goes, if you increase your alkalinity your immune system will naturally remove cancer cells.

Begin by eating a healthy diet, with little pre-prepared food and a good variety. Don't over-eat! There is growing evidence that eating too much than we need (and we all do) increases Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF1) which is involved in the splitting of cells rather than their repair. A high level of IGF1 means cells split and create new ones whereas a low amount means that cells repair themselves, which is a much better long-term strategy. Eating too much can also raise your blood sugar levels which may be at least partly responsible for high rates of diabetes these days. Fasting regularly can help to maintain a low IGF1. The proverbial jury is still out on it but it won't do any harm to try.

A simple and cheap way to increase alkalinity is to drink bicarbonate of soda in water, with added honey and lemon if you like.

Cut down on alcohol if you are a big drinker. Beer, particularly, can increase acidity and also encourage the growth of fungus such as candida.

Supplementation – most agricultural land today has been stripped of many trace minerals by intense farming practices and inorganic fertiliser containing limited trace minerals. There are books and scientific reports dating from the 1920s that report this so it is nothing new.

Thus almost none of our food contains sufficient of these important nutritional necessities. Thus, the argument goes, we need supplementation; all of us.

There are others who claim this is utter rubbish. Personally I think they are talking utter rubbish!

My choice, specifically for prostate health, is a combination tablet. There are studies which show Saw Palmetto to be helpful; there are studies which show the opposite. There are studies showing Beta-sitosterol to be helpful; there are studies showing the opposite. Possibly the weakness of all of these is that the scientific paradigm says you can test only one thing at a time, and maybe no one single thing works. Nature is like that. Every food contains multiple nutritional elements.

This quote is from “In his book Beating Prostate Cancer With Nutrition, PhD Patrick Quillin notes research which strongly shows that there are no silver bullets when it comes to fighting cancer of any type. Nutrients have a synergistic effect. This means that they work better in conjunction than they do alone.”

At the end of this article there is a supplement comparison that you might find useful.

Do not overlook the fact that you will probably need general supplementation as well in order to improve your overall health and to boost your immune system.

I am hearing some reports that a new supplement, ASEA, is having good results for some people. This has not been trialled specifically for prostate health or problems but I personally do know of several reports of positive results. I am trying it myself at the moment. It is the sort of product that works from the inside, raising the effectiveness of your own immune system so it is likely that it will have other health benefits as well. I can give you more information about it and get you some to try so contact me via the Contacts Page.

Story & Testimonial for ASEA – Robert Chamberlain, July 2012

(Note: Robert had some other health problems as well, which I have omitted from his story. All of these improved simultaneously with his taking ASEA.)

My prostate issue started when I was diagnosed with an elongated one – this was from the symptoms and a DRE, without a PSA test. I started getting infections … and I used waterfall d manose

I started to have to pee immediately otherwise I would have to wait five minutes for the flow to start and boy that brought the sweat out - very unpleasant. Then 10 minutes later I would want to empty out again what didn't come out first time. During the night I would have to go on the hour 6 times some nights and during a drive it was every 20 miles … and if I misjudged it was over the fence.

I came back to the UK from Australia last year and a stop over at Singapore I spent most of the time walking round wanting to pee and not being able to. On my return I mentioned it to one of my consultants who mentioned it to my Dr who mentioned it to the appropriate department who suggested they take a urine sample and some blood tests which were ok so that went nowhere and I gritted my teeth. A ‘walking embarrassment’, even without other problems.

I came back to the UK from Australia last year and a stop over at Singapore I spent most of the time walking round wanting to pee and not being able to.

Last November 18th (2011) after blood tests for CLL, I started taking ASEA.

My energy returned with mental clarity within a week. Over the next six weeks and half a dozen healing crises where my head felt it was going to explode, my immune system had reactivated. By the beginning of Feb (ie less than 2 months) I was sleeping through the night and going all the way to London with out needing to stop.

… it took me a while to realise that my general health was better … I can get through the night only getting up once and just a normal stop to stretch legs on way to London.

So, do I think ASEA is good ? You don't have to ask. I believe what it says on the bottle; and whether you see concrete proof or not initially, it is in there working, helping the body heal itself.

Non-Medical Interventions

The history of cancer is littered with the skeletons of people who have been curing their patients and who have been hounded to death by the medical fraternity. No one is allowed to say they can cure cancer. Even if they can. However there are many people in the world who are curing cancer nonetheless, and if you search on the internet and in books you can find all manner of therapies.

Two doctors currently working are:

  • In Texas USA, Dr Burzynski is working with anti-neoplastines and having success, mainly with ‘incurable’ brain tumours. (See resources later.)
  • In Italy, Dr Simoncini is having success, including with prostate cancer, using bicarbonate of soda injected into the tumour. (See resources later.)

In addition to these doctors and others there is a whole world of so-called alternative cures. Treat them with the same thought and scepticism you would treat anything else in life, such as an irreversible operation.


I am a Reiki practitioner and master and so giving myself a daily treatment was part of my regime. This, of course, is not for everyone, but if you would like to talk with me about how you can learn to do this yourself please use the form on the contact page.

Both you and your partner (and parents and children in any combination) can learn Reiki so you can also swap treatments with each other.


If anyone reading this has new information to add then please leave a comment at the bottom or use the contact form on the Contacts page.

References and Resources

There are many references and resources to be found on the internet, including NHS and other medical sites and on anatomy/physiology sites. Read them all with an open mind, since everyone has their bias, especially anyone with wild claims, and not forgetting that wild claims are sometimes true.

  1. Prostate Action (formerly Prostate UK) has a helpful website,,
  2. the Graham Fulford Charitable Trust (a UK charity) offers talks and PSA tests and always welcomes donations. In Warwick they have a monthly meeting at the Nelson Club. The organisation does tend to emphasise cancer over BPH and infection. (That is what Graham himself had and how a close friend of his died). They now use a Mediwatch PSAscan device which gives the result in about 10 minutes so you do not have to wait the previous week or so.
    To get the dates for Warwick and other places, call Graham on 07831 156071 or
    e-mail on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
  3. Dr Burzynski – you can read about his work and case and buy the film at
    You can still watch it at
  4. Dr Simoncini – his treatment is available from a clinic on the Isle of Wight. where there is also a guide showing you how you can test yourself for candida. for his book and some other information
    There is this article by­ Dr Mercola at
    Some months ago Nexus Magazine ( carried an article by him.
  5. Dr Marcel Hernandez has an interesting website but it does focus on cancer. Nontheless this page from his website has some useful guidance:
  6., a USA site, has much useful information.
  7. There is some evidence that pulsed electro-magnetic field (PEMF) devices may help in cancer management but no research specifically on prostate health that I can find. When I was on a course in Texas in December 2011, I did meet a doctor who said he treats all his patients with high PSA readings with PEMF and has 100% success. You can call me to discuss this.


If anyone finds any link not working then please leave a comment at the bottom or use the contact form on the Contacts page.

Supplement Comparison

I have done my best to be accurate and include all relevant information but there are almost certainly some errors. Things change, including price, ingredients and company information. Please let me know if you find any inaccuracies.


See notes




Company (UK biased)

Amount of Tablets

Maintenance Daily Dose

Saw Palmetto

Vitamin E*






He Shou Wu Root








Forever Living
















Stirling & Nature’s Range















Prostease Plus

Stirling & Nature’s Range
















Prime Health
















Natural Choice
















Prostate Support Formula

Stirling Health














More information and Additional Ingredients:

  1. Forever Living is a MLM company so you need to find a distributor. However Pro-6 is not licensed in UK so, strictly speaking, is not available. Some distributors import it from other countries, and it is available in other European countries. I can give you a contact.
    Calcium Phosphate, microcrystalline cellulose, stearic acid, magnesium stearate, croscarmellose sodium, silicon dioxide
  2. Stirling Health also offers a PSA test kit - There is more data on the Nature’s Range website at
    Saw Palmetto: Standardised Berry Extract of 90% sterols ; which is up to 1000 times stronger mg for mg than basic dried Saw Palmetto Berry powder; Vitamins A (1100iu), C (50mg), B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B12; Amino Acid Complex, Copper (1mg), Chromium (67mcg), Amino Acid Complex (L-Alanine, L-Lysine, L-Methionine, L-Glutamic Acid (10mg of each), Soy isoflavones (20mg), Grape seed extract (10mg)
  3. Saw Palmetto: Standardised Berry Extract of 90% sterols (as 2); HMRlignan™(40mg), Mixed plant sterols (50mg), Vitamin C (50mg), Essential amino acid complex (40mg), Mixed proanthocyanidins complex (Grape seed extract and pine bark extract) (25mg), Eleuthero root (25mg), Niacin (7mg), Vitamin B6 (5mg), Copper (1mg), Swedish flower pollen extract (cernitin 25mg)
  4. Prime Health website is
    Saw Palmetto: Standardised Berry Extract of 90% sterols (as 2); Black Pepper extract (2mg), Quercitin (80mg), Soy isoflavones (80mg), Grape seed extract (15mg), Garlic (150mg), Copper (1mg), Chromium (67mg), Vitamins A (1100iu), B complex, C (50mg)
  5. Natural Choice was ruled against for its advert which was included as an insert with some magazines. That does not influence the value of their product – just some of the related claims they made. I could not find a website; based in Nottingham, telephone 0800 787 9802
    Saw Palmetto: Standardised Berry Extract of 90% sterols (as 2); Quercitin (80mg), Vitamins (A, B (B1-B12), C, D),Chromium (67mg), Copper (1mg), Garlic (150mg), Soy isoflavones (80mg), Grape seed extract (15mg), Bioperine (3mg)
  6. Saw Palmetto: Standardised Berry Extract of 90% sterols (as 2), Cernitin (25mg), plant sterols (100mg), Vitamin C (100mg), Amino Acid complex (80mg), Eleuthero root (50mg), Niacin (15mg), Vitamin B6 (10mg), Copper (2mg).

Some Notes about (probably) the most important ingredients (partly from various websites, partly from me – be aware there is still controversy from some quarters about natural products and herbs). Do your own research.

Saw Palmetto: has been recognized since 1905 by the US Pharmacopoeia as a remedy for prostate problems, and it is also approved by the German Commission E (??) as a treatment of BPH. Saw Palmetto acts directly on an enlarged prostate and works to reduce pain, throbbing and inflammation, enhancing the bladder’s capability to contract and thus expel urine. Inhibits testosterone conversion enzyme and blocks uptake of DHT, both of which are causes of prostate problems.

More than 20 clinical studies have reported that Saw Palmetto extract relieved all major symptoms of BPH. One clinical study by 37 prominent Scientists in Europe showed 91% of patients experienced significant relief in their symptoms, whilst research at the University of Rome found that 70% of BPH sufferers reduced their average frequency of urination by half, and 65% experienced an average reduction of 43% in residual urine.

Beta-sitosterol: stronger prostate support with Betasitosterols, scientifically proven to be a critical natural prostate nutrient and one of the most effective natural solutions for preventing and relieving prostate enlargement. Still a relative newcomer with more proving needed.

Zinc: The prostate needs 10 times more Zinc than any other organ in the body and Zinc is vital for its healthy functioning and is a key element in any treatment. Dr Denham Herman stated, “Some 90% of the population consume diets deficient in Zinc.” In several controlled studies Zinc has been shown to reverse Prostate enlargement. One trial on this essential mineral conducted at Chicago Cook County Hospital reported that all patients showed symptomatic improvements, and 75% had palpable shrinkage of the prostate. On the preventative side, eight prominent research scientists published studies which concurred that sufficient Zinc is a vital necessity for a healthy prostate gland.

Selenium: Selenium is a trace mineral that is essential to good health. Observational studies indicate that death from cancer, including prostate cancer, is lower among people with higher levels of selenium in their bloodstream. However, this does not prove or disprove its value as a preventive, and several studies have had mixed results. Several others have suggested a possible link between cancer and selenium deficiency.

Trace elements are disappearing from our food because of the use of chemical fertilisers with limited ranges of nutrients – the common NPK fertiliser. Thus one of the most important supplements (I think) is a combination of trace minerals.

Lycopene: Available from tomatoes (preferably cooked). There is a 45% lower risk of prostate disease when a supplement of 60mg Lycopene is taken daily; it is also an antioxidant. A four-year Harvard University study reported that in 50,000 men, those who ate 10 or more servings of tomatoes per week were 45% less likely to develop prostate cancer.

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